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Assignments on Documentation and Liabilities

Social medias are full of unnecessary discussion and thoughts. Every people on the social medias are claiming their ability fake but some of them are true also. Blog is original image of public qualities and their abilities. So I am posting here an assignments for all Logistics Professionals, students and teachers. Please solve these question which are very important to check your abilities. Loading...

Defense and Limits for Multimodal Transport Operator

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Defense and Limits for MTO -----       The defenses and the limits of the liabilities provided for in this Multimodal transport Document shall apply in action against the Multimodal Transport Operator in respect of loss resulting from loss of or damage to goods; delay in delivery and any consequential loss or damage arising from such delay.  -----      If any action in respect of loss resulting from loss of, or damage to, the goods or from delay in delivery is brought against the servant or agent of the Multimodal Transport Operator, if such servant or agent proves that the acted within the scope of his employment, or against any other person whose service he makes use for the performance of the Multimodal Transport Contract, if such other person proves that he acted within the performance of the contract, the servant or agent or such other person shall be entitled avail himself of the defenses and limits of liability which the Multimodal Transport Operator is e

Evidentiary Effect of the Multimodal Transport Documents

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Evidentiary Effect of the Multimodal Transport Documents :- 1)  The Multimodal Transport Document shall be prima facia evidence of the taking in charge by the Multimodal Transport Operator of goods as described therein. 2)   Proof of contrary by the Multimodal Transport Operator shall not be admissible if the Multimodal Transport Document issued in negotiable form and has been transferred to a third party, including a consignee, who has acted in good faith in reliance on the description of goods there in. Negotiability and Title of the Goods :-   By accepting the Multimodal Transport Document the consignor and his transferees agree with the Multimodal Transport Operator that, unless it is marked "non- negotiable" it shall constitute title to the goods and the holder, by endorsement of this Multimodal Transport Document, shall be entitled to  receiver to transfer the goods mentioned in this Multimodal Transport Document.

Size of Container Yard

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It will depend upon the optimum number of containers to be store at any given time which is a function of the dwell time (DT) of containers which are separate for imports, exports and empty containers. Normally seven days for import, three days for export and 15 days for empties is considered pragmetic. Imports = 6400 TEUs/annum or 18 per day. At 7 days DT for each, the average inventory will be :    18*7=126 TEUs exports = 1600 TEU/annum or 5 TUs/day at 3 days DT for each, average inventory will be    5*3=15 TEUs empties = 4800 TEUs/annum or 14 TEUs/day at 15 days DT, average inventory will be :    14*15 or 210 TEUs Daily total average inventory = 126+15+210=351 The total storage capacity of CY should in the case be 351 of which the ground slot will be a fraction of the stake height. While equipment available may be capable to stake five high, full capacity can not be used for operating consideration as containers have to be shuffled for access and if the stake is f

Decision Areas In Warehousing

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  There are two important decisions in Warehousing. Which are as follows :- A)  Warehousing Location : The following factors influence the location of a warehouse:- ------  Transport facilities available. ------  Transportation cost of serving the market area. ------  Transportation cost of supply to the warehouse. -----  Product price, customers' expected level of service and the resulting inventory carrying costs. -----  Exise duties and other taxes assesed in the area. -----  Labour supply and costs. -----  Land and construction cost. -----  Availability of power, water and communication. -----  Climatic conditions. -----  Attitude of residents and government towards the establishment of the warehouse. -----  Potential for future expansion. -----  Location of warehouse of competitors. B)  Own versus lease versus use Public Warehouse :- A warehouse may be privatly used or publically used . If a company makes goods and these are stored exclusivel

ICC and Documentary Credits

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  -----   The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) is the World Business Organization  of non - governmental nature . It was established in the year 1919 and has its international secretariat in Paris . -----   ICC acts to promote the greater freedom of  of world trade , to harmonize and facilitate business and trade practices and to represent the business community at international level . The ICC works towards trade liberalism bases on free and fair competition and to promote the ideals of a free enterprise . It believes in self regulation by business . -----   The ICC being a non - governmental and independent world organization , enjoys a status of first category consultant with UN organization including its specialized agencies . In order to maintain close liaison with UN activities that directly concerns business and to ensure receipt of consideration of business view point   in UN policy formulation , ICC maintain liaison with officers in New York and Geneva also .

FEDAI Rules and U. N. Convention

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  Limitation of Action:-    Under the CTD rules of India , the CTO shall be discharged of all liabilities unless claim is lodged within nine months after ; 1)  -----  The delivery of Goods . 2)  -----  The date when the goods should have been delivered  . 3)  -----  The date when in accordance with conditions of contract failure or deliver the goods would in the absence of evidence to the contrary give the party entitled to receive delivery , the right to treat the goods as lost . As against these provisions Article 25 of the U.N . Convention lays down the time limit of two years of institute the judicial or arbitral proceedings   against the MTO with a provision that a notice of claim is to be lodged in writing within six months of delivery of goods or stipulated period of such delivery . The limitation period commences on the date of delivery of goods or the expiry of the last day on which the goods should have been delivered . Thus in cases of delay as well as loss

Classification of Logistics Applications

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  While examining and evaluating alternatives in Logistics Management , classifying the application on various dimensions would help clarity the issue and focus attention . As indicated earlier , logistics application can be classified in terms of issues and actors . Other imported classifications based on various dimensions are :-  a)  ---  Inbound Logistics and Outbound Logistics :  Most organization have to manage their outbound logistics  (i.e. physical distribution of their products to the customers from the factory) where as inbound logistics concerns itself with the purchasing function . The logistics of purchased product is generally managed by suppliers .  An obvious advantage of managing both inbound and outbound logistics is the possible cost saving when the two movements are coordinated  . b)  ---  Private vs Public Sector :  The nature of ownership of the organization influences the objectives of organization and hence management of logistics . The choice of mo

Defenses For Carriage By Sea Or Inland Waterways

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  Defenses For Carriage By Sea Or Inland Waterways  Notwithstanding the provisions of Basis of Liabilities of the MTO , The Multimodal Transport Operator shall not be  responsible for loss or delay in delivery with respect to goods carried by Sea or Inland Waterways , when such loss , damage or delay during such carriage has been caused by : -----     Act , neglect or default of the master , mariner , pilot or the servants of the carrier in the navigation or  in the management of the Ship . -----     Fire , unless caused by actual fault or privity of the carrier . However , always provided that whenever loss or damage has resulted from unseaworthiness of the ship , the MTO can prove that due diligence has been exercised to make the ship seaworthy at the commencement of the voyage . Conversion of delay into final loss   :- If the goods have not been delivered within 90 consecutive days following the date of delivery determined according to Rule as Delay in Delivery , t

Inventory and Warehouse

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  Inventory  Inventory plays a key role in Logistics Management . The inventories that are directly affected due to outbound logistics are ;_ -----     Finished goods inventory -----     Pipeline inventory (Primary Transaction) -----     Warehousing inventory -----     Pipeline inventory (Secondary Transaction) -----     Retail inventory The typical cost trade - offs between inventory an others decisions in Logistics would be :- -----     Inventory vs Transportation costs -----     Inventory vs Stock out costs -----     Inventory vs spoilage and material handling cost . Warehousing  The purpose of warehousing is to arrange placement of products , provide storage facility , consolidate them with other and similar products , divide them into smaller quantities and to build up a required assortment of products . The necessities of providing warehousing are ; -----     To get continuous and uninterrupted supply in the market area . -----     To achieve full

Liability of Freight Forwarder

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It is very important to know about the liabilities of the freight forwarder . It is necessary for Logistics Professionals and also for the Trades . Followings are the important liabilities of freight forwarder :- a)   The forwarder is liable only for his own faults attributable to himself or his employees . b)   Th forwarder shall not b liable for act or omissions of third party such as re-forwarder , carrier  etc. provided that he has shown due diligence in the choice of such third parties . It can be proved that he has not done so , his liabilities shall not exceed that of any third party held liable , whom he has contracted with . c)   The forwarder shall not be liable to the customer for consequential loss or loss of market howsover caused . d)   The liability of the forwarder for loss of or damage will be fixed , as per the contract with consignor or consignee . Actually this part is an understanding between the parties and the freight forwarder and also coverin

Stowage and Restrain

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   How to Restrain certain types of Cargo :- Top heavy articles should be wedged , shored and lashed to prevent topping . Heavy weight should be secured to stout ring - bolts (sited in the container floor and side walls ) and be shored with timber . They should be chained or wired with bottle screws . Resilient loads can caused lashings to slacken  - this may sometimes be overcome by introducing elasticity may be rubber rope into lashing pattern . No securing of pallets is necessary  if the distance between pallets and container wall is 4'' (100mm) or less . Pallets must not be allowed any longitudinal movement . If it is necessary to secure them , stow the pallets against the container walls and wadge wood block between the pallets . It may be necessary to insert sheets of board between the pallet loads to protect them against chafing and prevent bags , cartons  , etc . interweaving and jamming the stowage . Stowage Precautions :-  In the majority of cases , th

Restrain the Cargo

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  It is always necessary to restrain the cargo for one or more of the following reasons :- -----  To prevent collapse the stow while packing , unpacking or during transit -----  To stop any movement during transit of pat loads or of single heavy items  , the heavier the item the more damage it will do if allowed to move . -----  To prevent the face of the stow collapsing and learning against the container doors to fall out when the doors are opened at the final destination or for customs inspection . Methods of Securing Cargo :- The more common methods of securing cargo are ; Shoring  :-     bars , struts and spars located in the cargo  voids to keep the cargo press against the walls or other cargo . Lashing  :-      ropes , wires , chains , strapping or netting secure to proper anchoring points and tensioned against the cargo . Wedging :-     Wooden distance pieces , pads of synthetic materials , inflatable dunnage to fill voids in the cargo and keep in immobile a

Dunnage

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  Moisture in the stored commodities is one of the important factors causing qualitative and quantitative deterioration during storage . Food grains which are dried plants material tend to absorb moisture from all sources including atmospheric air , godown floor , godown walls etc . other stored commodities such as jute , cotton etc. also absorb moisture from the floor . Higher the moisture content in the stored commodities , faster is the deterioration due to insect and microbial activities and , therefore lesser is the storability .  The stored commodities also loose weight due to driage resulting in quantity loss . Permissible limits of such driage loss in different commodities depending upon the period of storage are provided in the respective Local Warehouse Rules . Moisture content of the stocks at the time of receipt and delivery is , therefore recorded using appropriate type of moisture meter and duly authenticated by depositor . In order to prevent absorption of floor