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Advantages of Air Freight Forwarding

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It is the real fact that logistics & supply chain is the backbone of industrial and financial growth of any country and world. Different transport modes are the part of logistics & supply chain. Freight forwarders, shippers and transporters are using different modes and many times multi-modes of transport. About multimodal transport which is main ways of cargo movement in these days will be discussed in other posts. I will write a seperate post about it again in our comming posts. In this post we will discuss about the advantages of air transport mode for movement of cargos. We know that ait freight forwarding is fastest and modern mode but it is more expensive than shipping mode of transport. But some of very important advantages of air mode of movement of freight and cargos are as listed below. Inventory costs are low in this mode.Important part is that breakage is negligible.The loss due to rough handling and pilferage is reduced to the minimum.Packaging costs are also very…

Handling of Imported Air Cargo In India

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It is really important for every importers and air freight forwarders to manage proper handling of air cargo imported in India. Followings are the important things which have to keep in mind when you are using airways to import in India.


consignments are arrives and intimation about its arrival is given by airline/break bulk agent by using cargo arrival notice and importar has to obtain the delivery order from airlines.Submitting a bill of entry on the electronic data interchange from Customs House Agent (CHA) and finalised bill of entry print out received for payment of duty.After payment of duty, the location of cargo is given by Airport Authority of India and goods produced for examination by the customs inspector. Goods are examined by customs. Out of charge is given both on EDI as well as on the hard copy.The Airport Authority of India's dues, challan-cum-gate pass are obtained and the payment is made.The gate pass is presented for delivery of goods obtained.
These are the proc…

Handling of Export Cargo From India by Air

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It is really important for every exporters and air freight forwarders ti manage proper handling of air cargo exported from India. Followings are the important things which have to keep in mind when you are using airways to export from India.


Submission of export documents with customs fro procession. One copy of GR1 form along with a copy each of other documents are detached and kept by the customs. Documents are properly entered in the computer.Check-list which has to be obtained from system after verifying the adequacy of the documents and the shipping bill numbers obtained.Goods has to be taken into The Airport Authority of India terminal for examination, then obtained Export Order from the customs.After this location will be allotted and the goods has to be handed over to the Airport Authority of India.It is important that documents are handed over the shipper.The export promotion copy of the shipping bill has to be obtained from customs and sent it to the shipper within a week of…

Careers in Logistics

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A webinar was organized by us on YouTube Live. In this webinar we will discuss about different careers in the field of Logistics and also discuss about how it is easy to become an independent logistics professionals. How the short skill development courses of Join Study will help you.
You already know that people are always trying to join IT, Software and other Engineering sectors they also thinking for Product and marketing Management fields. But what are the great chances for career growth in Logistics sector is discussed here in this webinar. Here is a complete video of this webinar for our blog readers and public.

Mandatory Deceleration For Imports In India

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There ware a public notification issued by Commissioner of Customs, India on the date of 7th March 2018 and notification no is 33/2018. By this notification it is "Mandatory Deceleration of GSTIN, IEC and E-mail address of importer to be included in the Bill of Lading obtained by Shipper.
This notification will be effective from 1st of April 2018.

It is important for Importer that they have to inform all the related details to their Exporters at abroad to incorporated these information and details in the Bill of Lading issued at the time of booking for the related consignments.

GSTIN:-GST Identification Number of ImporterIEC:-Import and Export Code of ImporterE-mail Id:- Official and Legal E-mail Id of Importer There are some reasons to be issued this notification. It is due to hazardous waste in the ports. many hazardous and restricted items were imported by the name of some importers and never cleared the consignments. These uncleared consignments with restricted and hazardous …

Packing principles relating to cargo in containers

Packaging is an important part for logistics. It is a big topic for study about the packing principles relating to cargo in containers. in this topic we will discuss about all important packing principles regarding this. Principles regarding stowing of all cargo into the containers is also plays an important role in logistics performance. It is important to know that how to restrain the cargo and also about the shorting, lashing, wedging and locking. Below is the slide shows, In this slide shows you will all the related discussion in details. this slide sows provide you a better concept regarding the packing principles relating to cargo in containers. Please see the slide shows below.


Applicability of UNCTAD/ICC Rules

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Lien and Detention

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Right to lien and detention :-

a)   Constituent shall pay the bills presented by the Forwarder within  15 days of their presentation , failing which penal interest at the provided rate of interest ( may be 3% or near by ) above Bank's lending rate of interest shall become due to payable .

b)    The forwarder has a right to lean and a right to detention over the goods or other securities and effects lying within his power of disposal in respect of any amount whether already due for payment or not which  the forwarder is entitle to receive in respect of service to the customer . In exercise of the lien under the clause , the forwarder shall be entitled to dispose of the goods , either by public or private sales upon which lien is exercised , to recover this dues , provided that he gives a written notice of at least 7 days to the customer of his intention to do so . The forwarder is entitled to recover all the balance amount from the customer after recovery of the dues by the sale of…

Liability of Freight Forwarder

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It is very important to know about the liabilities of the freight forwarder . It is necessary for Logistics Professionals and also for the Trades .


Followings are the important liabilities of freight forwarder :-

a)   The forwarder is liable only for his own faults attributable to himself or his employees .


b)   Th forwarder shall not b liable for act or omissions of third party such as re-forwarder , carrier  etc. provided that he has shown due diligence in the choice of such third parties . It can be proved that he has not done so , his liabilities shall not exceed that of any third party held liable , whom he has contracted with .

c)   The forwarder shall not be liable to the customer for consequential loss or loss of market howsover caused .

d)   The liability of the forwarder for loss of or damage will be fixed , as per the contract with consignor or consignee . Actually this part is an understanding between the parties and the freight forwarder and also covering the Internationa…

Stowage and Restrain

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 How to Restrain certain types of Cargo :-

Top heavy articles should be wedged , shored and lashed to prevent topping .

Heavy weight should be secured to stout ring - bolts (sited in the container floor and side walls ) and be shored with timber . They should be chained or wired with bottle screws .

Resilient loads can caused lashings to slacken  - this may sometimes be overcome by introducing elasticity may be rubber rope into lashing pattern .

No securing of pallets is necessary  if the distance between pallets and container wall is 4'' (100mm) or less . Pallets must not be allowed any longitudinal movement . If it is necessary to secure them , stow the pallets against the container walls and wadge wood block between the pallets . It may be necessary to insert sheets of board between the pallet loads to protect them against chafing and prevent bags , cartons  , etc . interweaving and jamming the stowage .

Stowage Precautions :- 

In the majority of cases , there is space left…

Restrain the Cargo

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It is always necessary to restrain the cargo for one or more of the following reasons :-

-----  To prevent collapse the stow while packing , unpacking or during transit

-----  To stop any movement during transit of pat loads or of single heavy items  , the heavier the item the more damage it will do if allowed to move .

-----  To prevent the face of the stow collapsing and learning against the container doors to fall out when the doors are opened at the final destination or for customs inspection .

Methods of Securing Cargo :-

The more common methods of securing cargo are ;

Shoring  :-     bars , struts and spars located in the cargo  voids to keep the cargo press against the walls or other cargo .

Lashing  :-     ropes , wires , chains , strapping or netting secure to proper anchoring points and tensioned against the cargo .

Wedging :-    Wooden distance pieces , pads of synthetic materials , inflatable dunnage to fill voids in the cargo and keep in immobile against the container walls .

Special Provisions For Dangerous Goods

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-----  Where the consignor hands over the prescribed dangerous goods to a multimodal transport operator or any person acting on behalf of such operator , the consignor shall inform him to the nature of dangerous goods and if necessary , the precautions to be taken while transporting such goods .

-----  Where the consignor fails to inform the multimodal transport operator or the other person acting on behalf of such operator of the nature of the dangerous goods and such operator or person does not otherwise have knowledge of the dangerous goods .

     a)  The consignor shall be liable to the multimodal transport operator or the other person acting on behalf of such operator for all loss resulting from the multimodal transportation of such goods ; and

     b)  The goods may at any time be unloaded , destroyed or rendered innocuous , as the circumstances may require , without payment of compensation .

Right to multimodal transport operator to have lien on goods and documents :-

-----   T…

Logistics Decisions

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An understanding of the logistics chain is useful to appreciate the decision areas in logistics

Value Added Chain :-

Vendor --> Raw material movement --> Production point --> Finished --> Products --> Warehouses --> Wholesaler --> Retailer --> Customer .

We know that the management of logistics is a complex process which involves a whole range of physical , managerial and informational issues related to the following decision areas .

----- Product Design

----- Plant Location

----- Production Structure

----- Distribution / Dealer Network Design

----- Location of Warehouses

----- Allocation Decisions

----- Production Planning

----- Inventory Management - Stocking Level

----- Transportation - Mode  Choice , Shipment Size , Routing Decisions and Transport Contracting

----- Packaging

----- Materials Handling

----- Oder Processing

----- Warehouse Operations 



Infrastructure for MTOs

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The need for upgrading transport infrastructure and adapting it to meet the requirements of multimodal transport is governed by National Transport Policies which should ensure optimum use of existing infrastructure and optimum investment in new infrastructure .It would be advisable fo policy makers to examine every thing ;

-----   rationality of investment decisions ;  investment decision should be based on cost benefits analysis not only in respect of new investments but also in respect of investments for upgrading existing infrastructure .


-----   relationship of costs to the charges payable by users ;  To the extent possible , the charge payable by users should reflect the actual cost of infrastructure including interest on capital invested and cost of maintenance and repairs .


-----   level and structure of tariffs ;  This should take into account the peculiarities of the transport mode concerned and should be so designed as to direct traffic  ( primarily container traffic ) to a…

International Co-ordination

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The very nature of multimodal transport required International Co-ordination at three levels .

-- With neighboring countries on cross border procedures and in infrastructure developments .

-- With trading partners on trade  , banking and insurance procedures .

-- With the International community on the development of worldwide standards in  such areas as :-

----------- documentation

----------- UN/EDIFACT rules

----------- Inco Terms

----------- Harmonize system for commodity classification .

Therefore there is room to compliment the activities of  the National Multimodal Transport Committee with regional initiatives . In particular there is a need ;

----- To monitor international efforts to standardize procedures , documentation , definitions , classifications etc . pertaining to international trade and transport to formulate a regional position and or represent member countries' interests at such fora .

----- To insure region wide standards for documentation , tariff structures…

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