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Air Transport Geography

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A knowledge of geographical areas connected with air transport including countries , major commercial centers and cities code is essential for the efficient handling of the air cargo .

IATA airlines have found it convenient to divide the world into three Traffic Commercial Areas taking into account differing economic , social and business conditions and practices preventing in different parts of the world . These area are known as TC1  , TC2  , TC3  and comprise the following  territories .

1)     IATA Traffic Conference Area 1  (TC1)

                  North America
                  Central America
                  South  America
                  Green Land
                  Bermuda and The Hawaiian Island

2)     IATA Traffic Conference  Area 2  (TC2)

                  Europe including the erstwhile Russia as far as the Urals
                  Iceland
                  The Azores
                  Africa and adjacent Island
                  The Middle East including Iran

3)     IATA…

Decision Areas for Transporters

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The Important objectives if a carrier are to manage its operations effectively and efficiently , and to provide better consumer services . The important areas that require management's attention can be summarized as pricing and negotiations , routing and scheduling , service offering  ( including fleet mixed) , amidst a scenario of competition and required marketing activities .

 For this these are the decision areas for Transporters .

1) Pricing and Negotiation :-  Pricing of transportation services could be mainly cost - based or based on the value provided to the customer and the customer's ability to pay ( as in the case of private trucking operators)  . In any case , a knowledge of cost involved in providing the service is essential .
   There are several useful ways of looking  at costs associated with transportation operations . One way is to separate the total costs into the following components .

a)   Direct Costs :
b)  Indirect Costs :

Another useful ways to think o…

Convention on Transit Trade of Land - Locked State .

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The convention on Transit Trade of Land - Locked Countries embodies the principle of the freedom of the high seas for countries whose geographic situation provides them with no direct access to sea   , i.e. they have no coastline .  The Convention on they high sea states that the high seas are open to all nations , and no state make any part of them subject to sovereignty . In order to enjoy the freedom of sea on equal terms with coastal states , states having no sea coast should have free access to the sea . States situated between the sea and a land - locked state should allow it free transit through their territory ,, and should allow ships to the land - locked country treatment equal to that of their own ship regarding access and use of sea port .


Goods in transit should not be subject to duty , but charges may be levied to  cover the expanses of  supervision and administration entente by  transit . The means of transport used for transit includes railway stock , sea - going and …

Quality of Service vs Mode of Transport

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There are different aspects of the quality of transport service , which can not be readily evaluated . The value a shipper will ascribe to a particular quality will largely depend on his/her individual situation but certain transport quality  do play important role in deciding the shipper's choice of the mode of transport for a particular leg of the journey . Such qualities can be generalized as follows :

1) Speed
2) Door to door capability
3) Reliability
4) Security
5) Flexibility
6) Safety 
7)Availability

In today's world , time is considered as money and therefore speed is the most important factor in the determination of the mode of transport . In the international trade scenario , guaranteed transit time is the order of the day and there is cut throat competition among the shipping lines to reduce the transit time  . In Multi - Model Transportation the time taken in inland movement is also equally important and the speed with which these modes are serving the customer p…

Logistics Costs

The Cost Structure show a striking uniformity . Logistics adds value , the basic assumption beaning that trade offs exits within the system and surface when conscious attempts are made of optimize the system . Trade off are therefore central to logistics and provide the raison d'etre for total distribution cost approach with characterizes modern Logistics  Management .

Logistics Cost would ordinary include items such as :-

1) Packaging
2) Mateial Transfer
3) Marking the Trade offs of goods identifiers
4) Stacking/Unstacking
5) Storage/Warehousing
6) Consolidation/De-consolidation
7) Transport activities all modes
8) Time value for investments in goods in the Logistics System including the added value of  Transportation ,    Storage and Handling .
9)  Physical  form changes required for effective and/or safe Transport , Storage and Handling .
10) Marking , identification , recording , analysis , data transfer and handling .
11) Electronic data integration .
12) Logistics System Man…

Effact of Port Linkages For Planning A Dry Port (ICD)

While the Porty or Ports of entry and exit may not have a direct bearing on the location and size or even the basic facilities and functions of the dry port , the structural and institutional linkage with one or more ports may have a direct bearing on the marketing of the dry port services and in turn on the future traffic flows through the dry port . The grater the number of port linked to the dry port , the larger would be the likely volumes of traffic ordered . To some extent the cargo for various ports needs to be segregated and in the case of Rail Transport , directional train formation needs to be organized . These aspects may have some bearing on the micro level designing of the layout facilities .

Something up , a dry port can be planned on the basis of trade volumes , traffic flows , transport linkages and locational advantages . For trade forecasting both inclusive methods can be used . The intuitive method is based on trend analysis and experiences of the forecaster combin…

Comperision of Cargo Aircraft

" type="text/j AircraftCargo VolumeCargo MassCruise SpeedMaximum RangeAircraft CategoryAirbus A400M-37,000 kg (82,000 lb)780 km/h (420 kn; 480 mph)6,390 km (3,450 nm)MilitaryAirbus 300-600F115.7 m3kg ( lbs)km/h ( mph)km (4,000 nm, mi)CommercialAirbus 330-200F475 m370,000 kg (154,000 lb)871 km/h (537 mph)7,400 km (4,000 nm, 4,600 mi)CommercialAirbus Beluga1210 m347,000 kg (104,000 lb)-4,632 km (2500 nm)CommercialAntonov 124-150,000 kg (331,000 lb)800 km/h (430 kn, 490 mph)5,400 km (2,900 nm, 3,360 mi)Military & CommercialAntonov 2251,300 m3 (46,000 cu ft)250,000 kg (551,000 lb)800 km/h (430 kn, 500 mph)15,400 km (9,570 mi)CommercialBoeing C-17 Globemaster IIIm3 ( cu ft)77,519 kg (170,900 lb)830 km/h (450 kn, 515 mph)4,482 km (2,420 nmi, 2,785 mi)MilitaryBoeing 737-700C107.6 m3 (3,800 cu ft)18,200 kg (40,000 lb)931 km/h (503 kn, 578 mph)5,330 km (2,880 nmi)CommercialBoeing 757-200 Freighter239 m3 (8,430 cu ft)39,780 kg (87,700 lb)955 km/h (516 kn, 593 mph)5,834 km (3,150 …

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