Showing posts from October, 2013

Air Transport Geography

A knowledge of geographical areas connected with air transport including countries , major commercial centers and cities code is essential for the efficient handling of the air cargo .

IATA airlines have found it convenient to divide the world into three Traffic Commercial Areas taking into account differing economic , social and business conditions and practices preventing in different parts of the world . These area are known as TC1  , TC2  , TC3  and comprise the following  territories .

1)     IATA Traffic Conference Area 1  (TC1)

                  North America
                  Central America
                  South  America
                  Green Land
                  Bermuda and The Hawaiian Island

2)     IATA Traffic Conference  Area 2  (TC2)

                  Europe including the erstwhile Russia as far as the Urals
                  The Azores
                  Africa and adjacent Island
                  The Middle East including Iran

3)     IATA…

Decision Areas for Transporters

The Important objectives if a carrier are to manage its operations effectively and efficiently , and to provide better consumer services . The important areas that require management's attention can be summarized as pricing and negotiations , routing and scheduling , service offering  ( including fleet mixed) , amidst a scenario of competition and required marketing activities .

 For this these are the decision areas for Transporters .

1) Pricing and Negotiation :-  Pricing of transportation services could be mainly cost - based or based on the value provided to the customer and the customer's ability to pay ( as in the case of private trucking operators)  . In any case , a knowledge of cost involved in providing the service is essential .
   There are several useful ways of looking  at costs associated with transportation operations . One way is to separate the total costs into the following components .

a)   Direct Costs :
b)  Indirect Costs :

Another useful ways to think o…

Convention on Transit Trade of Land - Locked State .

The convention on Transit Trade of Land - Locked Countries embodies the principle of the freedom of the high seas for countries whose geographic situation provides them with no direct access to sea   , i.e. they have no coastline .  The Convention on they high sea states that the high seas are open to all nations , and no state make any part of them subject to sovereignty . In order to enjoy the freedom of sea on equal terms with coastal states , states having no sea coast should have free access to the sea . States situated between the sea and a land - locked state should allow it free transit through their territory ,, and should allow ships to the land - locked country treatment equal to that of their own ship regarding access and use of sea port .

Goods in transit should not be subject to duty , but charges may be levied to  cover the expanses of  supervision and administration entente by  transit . The means of transport used for transit includes railway stock , sea - going and …

Quality of Service vs Mode of Transport

There are different aspects of the quality of transport service , which can not be readily evaluated . The value a shipper will ascribe to a particular quality will largely depend on his/her individual situation but certain transport quality  do play important role in deciding the shipper's choice of the mode of transport for a particular leg of the journey . Such qualities can be generalized as follows :

1) Speed
2) Door to door capability
3) Reliability
4) Security
5) Flexibility
6) Safety 

In today's world , time is considered as money and therefore speed is the most important factor in the determination of the mode of transport . In the international trade scenario , guaranteed transit time is the order of the day and there is cut throat competition among the shipping lines to reduce the transit time  . In Multi - Model Transportation the time taken in inland movement is also equally important and the speed with which these modes are serving the customer p…

Logistics Costs

The Cost Structure show a striking uniformity . Logistics adds value , the basic assumption beaning that trade offs exits within the system and surface when conscious attempts are made of optimize the system . Trade off are therefore central to logistics and provide the raison d'etre for total distribution cost approach with characterizes modern Logistics  Management .

Logistics Cost would ordinary include items such as :-

1) Packaging
2) Mateial Transfer
3) Marking the Trade offs of goods identifiers
4) Stacking/Unstacking
5) Storage/Warehousing
6) Consolidation/De-consolidation
7) Transport activities all modes
8) Time value for investments in goods in the Logistics System including the added value of  Transportation ,    Storage and Handling .
9)  Physical  form changes required for effective and/or safe Transport , Storage and Handling .
10) Marking , identification , recording , analysis , data transfer and handling .
11) Electronic data integration .
12) Logistics System Man…

Effact of Port Linkages For Planning A Dry Port (ICD)

While the Porty or Ports of entry and exit may not have a direct bearing on the location and size or even the basic facilities and functions of the dry port , the structural and institutional linkage with one or more ports may have a direct bearing on the marketing of the dry port services and in turn on the future traffic flows through the dry port . The grater the number of port linked to the dry port , the larger would be the likely volumes of traffic ordered . To some extent the cargo for various ports needs to be segregated and in the case of Rail Transport , directional train formation needs to be organized . These aspects may have some bearing on the micro level designing of the layout facilities .

Something up , a dry port can be planned on the basis of trade volumes , traffic flows , transport linkages and locational advantages . For trade forecasting both inclusive methods can be used . The intuitive method is based on trend analysis and experiences of the forecaster combin…

Comperision of Cargo Aircraft

" type="text/j AircraftCargo VolumeCargo MassCruise SpeedMaximum RangeAircraft CategoryAirbus A400M-37,000 kg (82,000 lb)780 km/h (420 kn; 480 mph)6,390 km (3,450 nm)MilitaryAirbus 300-600F115.7 m3kg ( lbs)km/h ( mph)km (4,000 nm, mi)CommercialAirbus 330-200F475 m370,000 kg (154,000 lb)871 km/h (537 mph)7,400 km (4,000 nm, 4,600 mi)CommercialAirbus Beluga1210 m347,000 kg (104,000 lb)-4,632 km (2500 nm)CommercialAntonov 124-150,000 kg (331,000 lb)800 km/h (430 kn, 490 mph)5,400 km (2,900 nm, 3,360 mi)Military & CommercialAntonov 2251,300 m3 (46,000 cu ft)250,000 kg (551,000 lb)800 km/h (430 kn, 500 mph)15,400 km (9,570 mi)CommercialBoeing C-17 Globemaster IIIm3 ( cu ft)77,519 kg (170,900 lb)830 km/h (450 kn, 515 mph)4,482 km (2,420 nmi, 2,785 mi)MilitaryBoeing 737-700C107.6 m3 (3,800 cu ft)18,200 kg (40,000 lb)931 km/h (503 kn, 578 mph)5,330 km (2,880 nmi)CommercialBoeing 757-200 Freighter239 m3 (8,430 cu ft)39,780 kg (87,700 lb)955 km/h (516 kn, 593 mph)5,834 km (3,150 …

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